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Coherent Electromagnetic Emission from Relativistic Magnetized Shocks

Abstract : Relativistic magnetized shocks are a natural source of coherent emission, offering a plausible radiative mechanism for Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs). We present first-principles 3D simulations that provide essential information for the FRB models based on shocks: the emission efficiency, spectrum, and polarization. The simulated shock propagates in an $e^\pm$ plasma with magnetization $\sigma>1$. The measured fraction of shock energy converted to coherent radiation is $\simeq 10^{-3} \, \sigma^{-1}$, and the energy-carrying wavenumber of the wave spectrum is $\simeq 4 \,\omega_{\rm c}/c$, where $\omega_{\rm c}$ is the upstream gyrofrequency. The ratio of the O-mode and X-mode energy fluxes emitted by the shock is $\simeq 0.4\,\sigma^{-1}$. The dominance of the X-mode at $\sigma\gg 1$ is particularly strong, approaching 100% in the spectral band around $2\,\omega_{\rm c}$. We also provide a detailed description of the emission mechanism for both X- and O-modes.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 12, 2022 - 3:14:14 PM
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Lorenzo Sironi, Illya Plotnikov, Joonas Nättilä, Andrei M. Beloborodov. Coherent Electromagnetic Emission from Relativistic Magnetized Shocks. Phys.Rev.Lett., 2021, 127, pp.035101. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.035101⟩. ⟨hal-03312458⟩



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